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Care Guides > Care Home Statistics: The Number of UK Care Homes, Residents & Staff

Care Home Statistics: The Number of UK Care Homes, Residents & Staff

If you’re a new Care Seeker in the UK, you may have already done plenty of research into different care homes.

It can be pretty overwhelming trying to decide which one would work best for you – and you may be wondering how those already in care homes made their decision. But just how many care home residents are there in the UK?

In this article, we've taken a look at how many care home residents are living in care homes all over the UK, including the resident to staff ratio. Read on to learn more.


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Number of Care Homes in the UK

People go into care homes for many different reasons, including something as simple as old age, to specific health conditions and disabilities. Given that people are living longer, the number of care home residents in the UK has grown and grown, which can put pressure on health and social care provision.

To start with, it may help to get an idea of the sheer number of care homes in the UK. There are just over 17,000 care homes in the UK, including the Channel Islands; 14,535 in England, 1,024 in Wales, 1,025 in Scotland and 405 in Northern Ireland. 

This figure takes into account private care homes, voluntary care homes and public care homes run by local authorities and the NHS. 

Care homes come in all shapes and sizes, from smaller homes with just a few residents, to large homes housing fifty residents or more. However, the average size of a UK care home is around 20 residents.





Care Home Breakdown by Care Type

We can delve further into the above statistics to find out how many care homes by care type there are in the UK. For example, of the 17,079 care homes in the UK, 12,022 of these are residential and 5,057 are nursing homes, with care homes fees differing from home type to home type. In the UK, there typically tends to be a higher ratio of residential care homes to nursing care homes, with the exception of Northern Ireland. This can be broken down further by country:


England

  • 14,535 care homes
  • 10,496 residential homes
  • 4,039 nursing homes

Wales

  • 1,024 care homes
  • 767 residential homes
  • 257 nursing homes

Scotland

  • 1,025 care homes
  • 523 residential homes
  • 502 nursing homes

Northern Ireland

  • 405 care homes
  • 174 residential homes
  • 231 nursing homes

The table below shows the number of care homes - residential and nursing - throughout the UK:

UK England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland
Total 17,079 14,535 1,024 1,025 405
Residential Care Homes 12,022 10,496 767 523 174
Nursing Homes 5,057 4,039 257 502 231

Source:

CQC





The Percentage of Care Homes by UK Region


The table below shows the percentage of care homes in each UK region:

Region What Percentage of Care Homes Do They Contain?
South East England 15.78%
North West England 11.91%
South West England 11.56%
East of England 9.2%
West Midlands 9.13%
East Midlands 8.5%
Yorkshire & The Humber 8.26%
Scotland 6.69%
London 6.18%
Wales 5.13%
North East England 4.44%
Northern Ireland 2.6%
Channel Islands 0.36%
Isle of Man 0.18%

Source:

CQC


Number of Registered Care Home Beds by UK Region


Similarly, this table shows the number of registered beds in care homes across the same UK regions:

Region How Many Registered Beds Do They Contain?
South East England 15.46%
North West England 11.92%
South West England 10.18%
East of England 9.79%
West Midlands 8.91%
Yorkshire & The Humber 8.88%
East Midlands 8.08%
Scotland 7.66%
London 6.24%
North East England 4.98%
Wales 4.56%
Northern Ireland 2.83%
Channel Islands 0.32%
Isle of Man 0.18%

Source:

CQC





Number of Care Home Residents

So, we’ve tackled the care homes themselves – but how many care home residents are there across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland? 

Currently, there are around 430,000 people living in the UK's care homes - that’s nearly half a million! It is also possible to extract more detail from this data; for example, around 85 per cent of care home residents are living in residential settings – and according to data from the Alzheimer’s Society, around 70 per cent of all care home residents have dementia or serious memory problems. 


UK England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland
Number of Care Home Residents 430,131 360,792 24,178 33,353 11,808

Sources:

England

Wales

Scotland

Northern Ireland


Care home residents in England

Perhaps unsurprisingly, the number of care home residents is highest in England, with a massive 360,792 of the total. This data came from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and was actually used to look into deaths involving Covid in the care sector. 


Care home residents in Scotland

Public Health Scotland (PHS) provides information taken from the Scottish Care Home Census for adults on the numbers of care homes and their residents, among other things. Recent data put the number of care home residents in Scotland at 33,353, making it the country with the second-highest number of residents in the UK. 


Care home residents in Wales

The number of care home residents registered in Wales is slightly less than Scotland, at around 24,178. Welsh data on care home residents was taken from the National Social Care Data Portal for Wales.


Care home residents in Northern Ireland

Last on the list is Northern Ireland – and 2020 data from the HSC Board recorded that in Northern Ireland there are an estimated 11,808 people living in care homes, which is the smallest number of care home residents across the UK.  





Number of Care Home Residents with Dementia

According to the Alzheimer's Society, around 70% of care home residents in the UK have dementia or similar memory problems.

This would mean an estimated 285,860 people living in residential, nursing or dementia homes have some form of dementia.

Similarly, an Alzheimer’s Society study in 2014 found that 311,370 people were living with dementia in a residential care setting.

Of these, 180,500 were living in residential homes, while 131,230 were living in nursing homes.





Number of Care Home Staff


Here are the number of staff members employed by care homes throughout the UK:

UK England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland
Number of Care Home Staff 696,340 595,000 29,860 53,080 18,400

Sources:

England

Wales

Scotland

Northern Ireland





Care Home Staff Ratio

So, with so many care home residents, how many people does it take to look after them all? The number of care home staff in the UK is almost 700,000 people! 

That makes the care home resident to staff ratio roughly seven staff members for every five residents.

Having enough staff to care for and support residents is incredibly important – especially when you take into consideration the round-the-clock care some people need, specifically those in nursing homes or care homes catering for dementia patients.

Care home staff may include: care home managers, registered nurses (RNs), care workers, activities coordinators, receptionists, cooks, cleaners, therapists and other healthcare professionals and maintenance staff, all of whom work tirelessly 24/7 to deliver exceptional standards of care for our elderly people. 

Although there are 700,000 people working in care homes, the total number of people working in the adult social care sector in the UK is now over one million! This covers a range of care types, from helping elderly people with everyday tasks and personal care, to wider support to help them socialise and get more out of life. 


According to the two sets of figures we’ve presented (number of care home residents and number of care home staff), here are the ratios in UK care homes between members of staff and residents:

Country Staff to Resident Ratio
England Approximately 1.65 members of staff to every resident
Wales Approximately 1.24 members of staff to every resident
Scotland Approximately 1.6 members of staff to every resident
Northern Ireland Approximately 1.56 members of staff to every resident
UK Approximately 1.59 members of staff to every resident




How Much Does the Government Spend on Adult Social Care?

Year Amount Spent
2010/11 £23.2 billion
2011/12 £22.4 billion
2012/13 £21.9 billion
2013/14 £21.7 billion
2014/15 £21.2 billion
2015/16 £21.9 billion
2016/17 £22 billion
2017/18 £22.3 billion
2018/19 £22.7 billion
2019/20 £23.3 billion

Source: NHS Digital


In 2019/20, total spending on adult social care was only £99 million more than in 2010/11, despite a huge increase in demand for services.





Future Population Forecasting

The UK care home industry experienced quite the shake-up over the last year, in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic – and sadly care homes reported more than 40,000 deaths as a result of the coronavirus. 

As the virus spread, families and friends became fearful of the risk of infection and were therefore reluctant to put their loved ones in a care home. Restricted visiting times and increased hygiene and safety measures, including social distancing, meant that once-bustling care homes across the UK became quieter and emptier. 

However, there’s a light at the end of the tunnel, as social care analyst Carterwood has predicted that care home occupancy rates will recover fast and rise to pre-pandemic levels by the end of 2021. 

This may be due to the restrictions that the virus caused for Care Seekers and their families – now that restrictions are lifting, vaccinations are being given and infection rates are falling, elderly people can once again start moving into care homes across the UK. 


In 2019/20, 1.9 million people in the UK requested support from their council - over 100,000 more than in 2015/16. The table below maps out the number of support requests between 18-64 year olds and those aged 65+:

Year Age Group Number of Requests
2015/16 18-64 500,670
2015/16 65+ 1,310,060
2016/17 18-64 508,620
2016/17 65+ 1,305,795
2017/18 18-64 523,920
2017/18 65+ 1,320,000
2018/19 18-64 550,435
2018/19 65+ 1,364,095
2019/20 18-64 560,350
2019/20 65+ 1,370,205

Source: NHS Digital


From 2015/16 to 2019/20, the number of council requests for social care for social care increased by 59,680 (12%) for 18-64 year olds and 60,145 (5%) for 65+ year olds.





There are certainly a lot of people living in the UK’s care homes and due to our ageing population, this isn’t likely to change any time soon.

However, our look into UK care homes has shown us that there are also plenty of care home staff to look after and support these care home residents.

If you’ve started your care home search and have any questions about how to find the best home for you, why not get in touch with us to find out more!





Sources:

https://www.statista.com/statistics/1082379/number-of-people-living-in-care-homes-in-the-united-kingdom/

https://www.ons.gov.uk/search?q=care%20home%20census

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